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The All IndiaMerchant Navy is a non-combatant commercial fleet, relating to the transportation of cargo and sometimes passengers, by sea. The fleet in Merchant Navy thus, comprises vessels (ships) such as passenger ships (called liners/cruisers), cargo liners (also known as bulk carriers) which carry cargo or oil tankers (tankers), and other special types of vehicles as well. These vessles may belong to either Indian or Foreign shipping companies. Merchant Navy is the support system of International trade, which carries cargo around the world.
In the absence of Merchant Navy the import-export business may come to a halt. The ships used here extremely sophisticated and employing intensive technology aimed at providing required facilities on the ship. The safety and efficiency of the ship are crucial and are dependent upon the professional ability, jurisdiction and dedication of a sea fairer onboard the ship.
Necessarily, a sea fairer is expected to be highly alert and dutiful for the safe and efficient functioning of the ship. The Merchant Navy training in India is of quite high standards and the Indian sea fairers are one of the most sought after sailors worldwide.
In today’s world, there are many kinds of opportunities that can fetch good salaries but the Merchant Navy is a domain that may offer equally rewarding salaries at a young age. Unfortunately, the information on the subject “What is Merchant Navy & How does one join it? Is still the limited to a small group of people who have their friends or relatives already in the industry. This been said, here is presented some useful information about a career in Merchant Navy.
◘ 95% of world trade is conducted by sea.
◘ Raw material and finished goods for various industries are shipped by sea.
◘ Globalization leading to increased movement of goods, has led to the growth of opportunities.
◘ Studies indicate that the demand for Indian officers across the world is an ever increasing one.
As a Navigation Officer (Deck Side)
Officers belonging to this trade look after the ship’s navigation, loading/unloading of cargo and the general maintenance and administration of the ship. Completing their training as a Deck Cadet, the officers join Merchant Navy as 3rd officer. They are promoted to the rank of a 2nd officer, chief officer and eventually the Master/Captain of the ship. All of the promotions depend upon the individuals clearing competency exams for the respective posts and their performance on-board the ship.
Besides navigation duties, a 3rd officer manages the life-saving appliances. The 2nd officer looks after the passage planning and navigation equipment. The chief officer is responsible for the cargo work, and the Captain/ Master is in-charge of the ship on the whole.
Once the certificate of competency as second mate (F.G.) is acquired, an officer is eligible for the rank of a third or a second officer onboard a ship and draws a handsome salary after subsequent promotions. Further sea service has to be rendered and progressive appropriate higher examinations have to be passed for that rank viz. First mate (F.G.) and Master (F.G.). Officers are entitled to become captains of Merchant Navy ships, once they acquire they certificate of competency as Master (F.G.).
As an Engineering Officer (Engine Side)
A career at sea is very challenging as well as satisfying and rewarding. A high level of job satisfaction is what it offers. Besides it provides one with valuable experience and a daunting work environment. Experienced Marine Engineers are in greatly demanded in industries these days owing to their ability of handling very large power plants, their resourcefulness, sense of responsibility and ability to work on their own with almost no external assistance. Marine Engineers are supposed to be very valuable and responsible members of a ship.
They have to operate and control all the various engineering systems on-board the ship, thus, maintaining them in good condition. This equips them with useful experience and confidence as well. However, it is to be understood that the lives of Marine Engineers are not easy and not suited for the ones with a weak heart. Marine Engineers’ seat is the ship’s engine room having the Main Engine, Pumps, Boilers, electrical generating plant and distribution, Hydraulic fuel systems.
As a Graduate Mechanical Engineer
Career prospect of Graduate Mechanical Engineer (GME):
The department of Mechanical Engineering is aimed at providing the best mechanical engineering inputs to the marine engineers along with required knowledge in practical applications of all kinds. The job of Mechanical Engineers is to contribute in major activities like ship building, assembling & dismantling, riveting component machining,workshop activities required in ship repairs like welding. Mechanical Engineering department comprises an array of important laboratories for heat transfer, fluid machinery,refrigeration and air conditioning control applied mechanics, and vibration analysis. The experiments to be conducted are carefully chosen so as to cover the entire range of marine engineering principles. The Engineers have to work with Main Diesel Engines, Auxiliary Engines, Purifiers, Boilers, Pumps and other auxiliary machinery. Extensive watch-keeping duties are another requirement for the Engineers in plant operation and safety etc.
The candidate should be a Graduate in Mechanical Engineering /Naval Architecture from a College that is recognized by AICTE (Ministry of Human Resource and Development). Must have a valid Engineering Degree/Provisional Certificate. Must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks in English in 10th or 12th class.
Age:Not exceeding 25 years.
Medical: Must be medically fit as per the company/regulatory guidlines. Eyesight 2.0 & No color blindness.
Training Fee: The cost of Pre-sea training that includes tuition fee and the cost of books, lodging, boarding, uniform, etc. shall be borne by the candidates. The training fees is approximately Rs. 4,50,000/- (Rupees Four Lack Fifty Thousand only) that is directly payable to the Training Institute approved by DG Shipping. The training fee also varies with the company/Institute and is also subject to change in time. You may log on towww.dgshipping.com for more information.
Training:Training: The candidates need to undertake one year pre-sea training at a marine training institute approved by DG Shipping Govt. of India. This training would provide a graduate Mechanical Engineering student a sure path to become a qualified Marine Engineer. After the Selection, one is nominated to undertake 12 months of residential pre-sea orientation program at any maritime training Institute across India (Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Pune, etc.) At the pre-sea institute, apart from going through academics, one undergoes training in various workshops and simulators. On the completion of this course, a certificate is awarded to the candidate. On completion of the training of 12 months, one is entitled to a join merchant Naval Vessel as the Vth Engineer. The candidate is then sent on the ship for 8 months and on returning, one can appear in the Marine Engineers Officer class IV Exam that is conducted by the Director General of Shipping. On passing this exam, one is awarded class IV Certificate of competency by DG of shipping. One can then join back as the fourth Engineer. By further appearing in promotional examinations, it is possible to rise to the rank of a Chief Engineer that equals the rank of captain of the ship.
Ship’s Electrical Officer (SEO)
Career prospect for Electrical Officers: Every seagoing ship is required to carry at least one Electrical Officer. That is why the Electrical Department is known for one man show (Bhatti Sahab) on board merchant naval vessels. SEOs are a necessary requisite for ships, thus, they are in high demand in the international shipping industry. The work of an SEO comprises working on Main and emergency generator, MSB & Power distribution, High voltage generator and system, and the Practices and Procedures of Power management systems, Local Power Distribution, Emergency Switchboard, Emergency power & Shore supply, , Protection Devices,Electrical Motors Main and emergency generator, Marine Electrical Cables, Marine Auxiliaries & Instrumentation Workshop, Electrical Equipment,Other Electrical Machines A.C. Motor Starters, Galley equipment, Laundry equipment, Practical on ship-board active boiler combustion control system and Full mission, Electromagnetism and AC theory, Basic Electrical concept and fundamental practices, DC Generators, Alternators,Transformers, Electrical motors, Automation and Instrumentation. Should be familiarized with shipboard PMS. Special electrical practice is required for gas, oil and chemical tankers, Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems etc.
The candidate is required to have a Degree in Electrical Engineering from a recognized engineering college approved by the AICTE (Ministry of Human Resource and Development) with a minimum of 50% marks. OR should possess a first class Diploma in Electrical Engineering. The candidate must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks in English in 10th or 12th class.
Age:Not exceeding 25 years.
Medical:Medically fit as per the company/regulatory standards. Eyesight 2.5 & No color blindness.
Training Fee:The Pre-sea training cost comprises tuition fee and the cost of books, lodging, boarding, uniform etc that is required to be borne by the candidates. The training fees is approximately Rs. 2.50 Lakhs (Rupees Two Lakhs, Fifty Thousand only) and directly payable to the training institute.
Training:The candidates are required to undertake a 6 Month pre-sea training at any marine training institute approved by the DG Shipping Govt. of India. The training equips Ship Electrical Officer aspirants with a sure path to become qualified Electrical Officers. After the Selection they are nominated to undertake a 6 month residential pre-sea orientation training at any of the maritime training Institutes in India. (Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Madurai, Pune, etc.) At the pre-sea institute, apart from going through academics, one undergoes training in an array of workshops and simulators. After the completion of the course, the candidates are awarded the certificate. After the conclusion of the pre-sea training one can join a merchant Naval Vessel as an Assistant Electrical Officer. Once the first contract as an Assistant/ Trainee Electrical Officer is completed, one can sail as an Electrical Officer on your second contract and so on.